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**Syllabus for Chemistry (CY)**

**PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY**

**Structure: **Quantum theory: principles and
techniques; applications to a particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, rigid
rotor and hydrogen atom; valence bond and molecular orbital theories, Hückel approximation;
approximate techniques: variation and perturbation; symmetry, point groups;
rotational, vibrational, electronic, NMR, and ESR spectroscopy

**Equilibrium:** Kinetic theory of gases; First law of thermodynamics, heat, energy, and
work; second law of thermodynamics and entropy; third law and absolute entropy;
free energy; partial molar quantities; ideal and non-ideal solutions; phase
transformation: phase rule and phase diagrams – one, two, and three component
systems; activity, activity coefficient, fugacity, and fugacity coefficient;
chemical equilibrium, response of chemical equilibrium to temperature and
pressure; colligative properties; Debye-Hückel theory; thermodynamics of
electrochemical cells; standard electrode potentials: applications – corrosion
and energy conversion; molecular partition function (translational, rotational,
vibrational, and electronic).

**Kinetics:** Rates of chemical
reactions, temperature dependence of chemical reactions; elementary,
consecutive, and parallel reactions; steady state approximation; theories of
reaction rates – collision and transition state theory, relaxation kinetics,
kinetics of photochemical reactions and free radical polymerization,
homogeneous catalysis, adsorption isotherms and heterogeneous catalysis.

**INORGANIC CHEMISTRY**

**Main group elements**: General characteristics,
allotropes, structure and reactions of simple and industrially important
compounds: boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride, borazines
and phosphazenes. Hydrides, oxides and oxoacids of pnictogens (N, P),
chalcogens (S, Se & Te) and halogens, xenon compounds, pseudo halogens and
interhalogen compounds.Shapes of molecules and hard- soft acid base concept.
Structure and Bonding (VBT) of B, Al, Si, N, P, S, Cl compounds. Allotropes of
carbon: graphite, diamond, C_{60}. Synthesis and
reactivity of inorganic polymers of Si and P.

**Transition Elements**: General characteristics of d and f
block elements; coordination chemistry: structure and isomerism, stability,
theories of metal- ligand bonding (CFT and LFT), mechanisms of substitution and
electron transfer reactions of coordination complexes. Electronic spectra and
magnetic properties of transition metal complexes, lanthanides and actinides.
Metal carbonyls, metal- metal bonds and metal atom clusters, metallocenes;
transition metal complexes with bonds to hydrogen, alkyls, alkenes and arenes;
metal carbenes; use of organometallic compounds as catalysts in organic
synthesis. Bioinorganic chemistry of Na, K. Mg, Ca, Fe, Co, Zn, Cu andMo.

**Solids:** Crystal systems and
lattices, miller planes, crystal packing, crystal defects; Bragg’s Law, ionic
crystals, band theory, metals and semiconductors, Different structures of AX,
AX_{2}, ABX_{3} compounds, spinels.

**Instrumental methods of analysis**: Atomic absorption
and emission spectroscopy including ICP-AES, UV- visible spectrophotometry,
NMR, mass, Mossbauer spectroscopy (Fe and Sn), ESR spectroscopy, chromatography
including GC and HPLC and electro-analytical methods (Coulometry, cyclic voltammetry,
polarography – amperometry, and ion selective electrodes).

**ORGANIC CHEMISTRY**

**Stereochemistry**: Chirality of organic molecules with
or without chiral centres. Specification of configuration in compounds having
one or more stereogeniccentres. Enantiotopic and diastereotopic atoms, groups
and faces. Stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis. Conformational
analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Geometrical isomerism.
Configurational and conformational effects on reactivity and
selectivity/specificity.

**Reaction mechanism**: Methods of determining reaction
mechanisms. Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitutions and additions to
multiple bonds. Elimination reactions. Reactive intermediates- carbocations,
carbanions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes, free radicals. Molecular rearrangements
involving electron deficient atoms.

**Organic synthesis**: Synthesis, reactions, mechanisms
and selectivity involving the following- alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols,
phenols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, halides,
nitro compounds and amines. Use of compounds of Mg, Li, Cu, B and Si in organic
synthesis. Concepts in multistep synthesis- retrosynthetic analysis,
disconnections, synthons, synthetic equivalents, reactivity umpolung,
selectivity, protection and deprotection of functional groups.

**Pericyclic reactions**: Electrocyclic, cycloaddition and
sigmatropic reactions. Orbital correlation, FMO and PMO treatments.

**Photochemistry**: Basic principles. Photochemistry of
alkenes, carbonyl compounds, and arenes. Photooxidation and photoreduction.
Di-π- methane rearrangement, Barton reaction.

**Heterocyclic compounds**: Structure, preparation, properties
and reactions of furan, pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole and their
derivatives.

**Biomolecules**: Structure, properties and reactions
of mono- and di-saccharides, physicochemical properties of amino acids,
chemical synthesis of peptides, structural features of proteins, nucleic acids,
steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.

**Spectroscopy**: Principles and applications of
UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the determination of structures of
organic molecules.

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